By Cooler Master Staff • September 16, 2014
WHAT ARE VAPOR CHAMBERS?
Vapor Chambers are designed for vastly improved thermal performance over traditional solid metal heat spreaders found in traditional CPU coolers. This is accomplished while achieving a reduced weight and height. Vapor Chamber technology enables higher CPUs with a higher TDP (or overclocked state) to be efficiently and effectively cooled to safe operating temperatures, extending component and product life.
HOW DO VAPOR CHAMBERS WORK?
Vapor Chambers are filled with coolant that, when heated, change phases from a liquid to a gas and back again. The vaporized coolant circulates via convection and moves freely through the chamber. The molecules then condense on cold surfaces, dissipate their heat load, and are channeled back to the coolant reservoir. The system is able to absorb and dissipate large amounts of heat through this method. Condensation varies based on the change in temperature between the coolant and the contact surface. The chamber is setup in a way that the coolant will automatically stream towards the coolest surface area. This self-organization of the coolant molecules within the Vapor Chamber is responsible for its superior thermal properties. As a result it provides stable and evenly spread temperatures on all of its surfaces, regardless of the location and density of the heat source below the chamber base. This makes the vapor chamber capable of dissipating large wattage heat sources from high-end and overclocked processors.
Select a Vapor Chamber Type
What are Horizontal Vapor Chambers
Horizontal Vapor Chambers (HVC) refers to the orientation of the vapor chamber system. They function exactly as described above. The majority of their surface area is laid flat against the heat source, or CPU in this case. HVC technology is more commonly found cooling the immense heat load produced by the graphics card in your system. More recently, Cooler Master has integrated this highly effective technology into its V8 GTS CPU cooler. It marries this HVC technology with the proven effectiveness of our heat pipe based tower cooling. The illustration below shows the difference between a traditional heat pipe based tower cooler and one that has integrated HVC technology.
What are Vertical Vapor Chambers
Vertical Vapor Chambers (VVC) refers to the orientation of the vapor chamber system. This implementation more closely resembles the letter “U” in shape, but the vast majority of the VVC system is in a vertical orientation with an appropriate amount of surface area facing flat against the heat source, or CPU. VVC based CPU coolers, like the TPC 812, use the vapor chamber itself to directly channel the heat load into the fin tower. There, the heat from the CPU is dissipated into the air either passively or actively, depending on the absence or presence of fans. The advantage of VVC technology over traditional tower CPU coolers is that it uses the superior surface area inherent in the Vapor Chamber system to dissipate a higher wattage heat load into the fin tower.
How to Pick a Vapor Chamber Cooler?
In the market for a new cooler, but not sure which way to go? If watercooling is not something you are ready to consider then the TPC 812, TPC 612, and V8 GTS all offer high performance air cooling via their HVC and VVC technology. These vapor chamber coolers offer cooling that meets or exceeds the cooling of many All-In-One (AIO) CPU watercoolers. TPC 812, TPC 612 and V8 GTS also operate without the maintenance and/or replacement that many AIO CPU watercoolers will eventually need.
The decision is made easy by the solid designs that make up the TPC 812, TPC 612 and V8 GTS. These VVC and HVC coolers were engineered to provide enthusiast level performance. Each is constructed using Vapor Chambers in a different orientation, but they both cool extremely well on higher end hardware. Users on a budget can still get great performance out of the more traditionally designed TPC 812 tower CPU cooler. Users looking for a CPU cooler with an aggressive outlook to match their system build will find the V8 GTS to be a great selection. Either way, both coolers will provide the same excellent performance with their integrated Vapor Chamber and heatsink technology.